SHALL / WILL
I. Work on the model:
Model – This book is cheap. (to buy it)
Shall / will I / we buy it.
1. The radio is to loud. (to turn it down)
2. The window is open. (to shut it)
3. It is dark in here. (to turn the light on)
4. We have found a mistake. (to correct it)
5. The door of our garden is shut. (to open it)
CAN / COULD
I. Work on the model:
Model – Jane can’t ride a bike, but she ........ it years ago.
Jane can’t ride a bike, but she could it years ago.
1. I can’t speak German now, but I ........ speak it when I was four years old.
2. Gramma can’t dance now, but she ........ dance very well when she was younger.
3. I can’t help you nw, but I ........ help you yestarday.
4. I can’t climb very well, but I ........ climb when I was forty years old.
5. She can’t run fast now, but she ........ when she was pupil.
II. Fill the blanks with can / be able to:
1. Tom ....... play the piano well.
2. Although we are tired, we ....... do it.
3. I am sure that you ........ find an answer.
4. She is busy. However, she ......... explain to us how to resolve the exercises.
5. I have been working for him for two hours, but I ......... not finish.
6. I ........ try to do the best.
III. Turn the following sentence into the future:
1. Alice can draw well.
2. We can speak German.
3. Tom can understand him.
4. I can’t count in English.
5. I can invite you in the town.
6. I can ride the bike.
IV. Circle the correct answers:
1. Nobody (will ever know / will be knowing / is ever knowing).
2. She (has made / was made / will make) good wife.
3. Look out! That wall (will collapse / is going to collapse / is collapsing).
4. They said, they (would be leaving / will leave / are leaving) soon.
5. My father (retires / is retiring / will be retiring) soon.
6. She (will have / have / would have) an interview an Friday.
MAY / MIGHT
I. Repharase the following sentences using may + Present Infinitive to express posibility:
1. Maybe the Johnson’s are at office.
2. Perhaps the girls will not hear us.
3. Maybe you remember his adress.
4. Perhaps my brother will travel by train.
5. Maybe be doesn’t drink milk in the evening.
6. Maybe he is not ill.
II. Use may / might + Continuous Infinitive to express present possibility:
My father (to sleep) now.
a) My father may be sleeping now.
b) My father might be sleeping now.
1. The dog (to bark) now.
2. The boys (to watch) a movie.
3. The teacher (to advice) his student.
4. My mother (to sell) grapes.
5. The girl (to play) basket now.
6. My father (to drink) some wine now.
III. Expressed past possibility by using may / might + Perfect Infinitive:
1. Do you know if Susan passed that exam?
I’m not sure, she may have passed it.
2. Do you know if the kids feel asleep. ?
3. Do you know if Tom bought a new house?
4. Do you know if the friends saw the movies?
5. Do you know if it snowed in the mountains?
I. Work on the model:
Model – Can’t they come later?
No, they must come now.
1. Can’t John finish his work later?
2. Can’t your brother go outside after dinner?
3. Can’t he shut the window later on?
4. Can’t they postpone the meeting?
5. Can’t they help him tomorrow?
6. Can’t Marry wash the dishes later?
II. Turn the following sentences into the past:
Model – Mother must give the girl some water.
Mother had to give the girl some water.
1. He must tell us the truth.
2. You must wake your girlfriend at seven o’clock.
3. You must win the race.
4. She must brush her teeth every morning.
5. She must hurry in the school.
6. She must obey her husband.
7. She must pick some flowers.
8. We must attend to the church every Sunday.
III. Turn the following sentences into the future:
Model – They must go to the church.
I will have to go there.
1. I must hurry in the morning.
2. I must go to the market.
3. We must listen to the priest.
4. The cat must not enter the house.
5. I must take this medicine.
6. I must obtain this job.
7. We must help our friends.
IV. Fill the blanks with must, or have to:
1. The students ......... wear uniforms.
2. You ......... finish the job, if do you need money.
3. I can’t play tennis. I ........ go shopping.
4. This boy ......... earn his living since he was seventeen.
5. As the manager was ill we ......... postpone our meeting.
6. I couldn’t come here yestarday, because he .......... finish my project.
7. If do you want to pass the exam, you ......... have to learn the whole book.
V. Express past probability by using must + have + Past Participle according to the model:
Model – John is very tired (to work hard).
He must have worked hard.
1. Peter didn’t bring me the map. (to forget it)
2. Jack didn’t smoke more. (to give up)
3. I didn’t find my card. (to lost it)
4. Peter didn’t buy that car. (to be too expensive)
5. Ann didn’t find a solution. (to be dificult)
6. Johnny didn’t learn the poem. (to busy)
I. Fill the blanks with must or need according to the meaning:
1. .......... we buy potatoes today?
2. When .......... the show begin?
3. Where ........... she wait for us?
4. .......... they leave earlier than usual?
5. .......... they answer in German?
6. .......... I take the umbrella?
II. Work on the model (use needn’t have + Past Participle):
Model – I don’t know why you say that.
You needn’t have said that.
1. I don’t know why she made such a mistake.
2. I don’t know why you are so late.
3. I don’t know why you travel by train.
4. I don’t know why she spend so much money.
5. I don’t know why Jim ate all apples.
III. Filling the blanks with musn’t or needn’t:
1. People ........ walk on the grass.
2. We ........ drink so much.
3. We ........ talk in a library.
4. We ........ feed animals in a Zoo.
5. Children .......... run in the street.
6. We ......... get up so early. Today is Sunday.
7. Think it over. You ......... decide right now.
I. Relate the following sentences to the Past according to the model:
Model – Jim should do that at once.
Jim should have done that at once.
1. Jane should be punctual.
2. They should read the text carefully.
3. She should win the race.
4. They should go to bed at seven o’clock.
5. He should work hard.
6. We should play the violin.
I. Turn the sentences into the interrogative, negative:
1. They ought to arrive at noune.
2. You ought to ask for his advice.
3. He ought to take a taxi.
4. Jim ought to demand Jane for help.
5. Tom ought to lock the front door.
6. I ought to try to find a better job.
7. I ought to send her a lot of money.
8. Jim ought to persuade Tom to give up smoking.
I. Replace want in the following sentences by would like to:
1. I want to buy a new car.
2. You want to find him there.
3. I want to write a novel.
4. You want to go to the seaside.
5. I want to see the film.
6. Marry want to buy some chesse.
7. We want to rent the house.
II. Replace the past subjonctive used after the verb wish by would + Present Infinitive:
Mode – I wish he were not so lazy.
I wish he would not be so lazy.
1. I wish you helped her.
2. I wish you understood her.
3. They wish I were not so busy.
4. I wish he known the truth.
5. I wish he have learned German.
I. Replace the verb in the past simple by the used to construction:
Model – There was once a pub here.
There used to be a pub here.
1. In those years Einstein lived in this house.
2. Our house was formerly a kindergarden.
3. Were they lived they had seen often the wild bears.
4. There was once a church near the market.
5. Our town was the capital of the country.
I. Work on the model:
Model – Bob / to take / my car.
Bob how you dare to take my car?
1. Girls / to pick / roses in the park.
2. Boys / to come / into my garden.
3. Lucy / to say / such a thing.
4. Alice / to ask / her such question.
5. Ann / to eat / your sister cake.
6. Ann / to come / home so late.
II. Choose the right modal verb and complete the blanks:
1. Mother say that we (shall / ought to / will) ........ show more respect.
2. (Shall / could / would) ........ I speak to Mr. Smith, please?
3. I don’t work tommorow (I mustn’t / can’t / needn’t) ......... get up early.
4. What (shall / must / may) I .......... buy him for his birthday.
5. I ........ (mustn’t / can’t / may not) play soccer very well.
III. Rewrite the sentences using the modal verbs in brackets:
1. Let’s go to a concert tonight. (shall)
2. Please open the door. (will)
3. Please help me to translate this book. (could you)
4. Am I allowed to wait here. (may)
5. The trousers don’t have to be ironed. (need)
6. I wish I had checked in this piece of luggage. (ought)
IV. Circle the correct answer:
1. Each of you (may / might / need) take a book.
2. (may / can / would) I borrow your bike?
3. My little son (can / will / might) be very naughty sometimes.
4. (can’t / shan’t / shouldn’t) you see the lights?
5. You (must / should / ought to) be joking.
6. You really (may / might / ought to) help me!
7. How (could / should / would) you be so silly?
8. He (ought to / should / would) do it, if he could.
9. I wish you (should / will / would) leave me alone.
10. I wonder what that (could have / should have / would have) meant.
11. Candidates (are to / have / need) to answer to all questions.
12. He (might / needs / will) as much food as he can eat.
13. What they (have / must / need) is punishing for their deeds.
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